Thursday, November 29, 2018

Diabetes and Gum Disease

free_diabetes_kit.jpgBleeding gums are not healthy. If you have them, we want you to come to Elite Dental Arts in Midtown for help. Gingivitis is unfortunately common, but there is one group that is at particular risk: people with diabetes. In people with high blood sugar, not only do infections last longer, the infections further exacerbate their difficulty controlling glucose.

Gingivitis, or gum inflammation, is the immune system’s initial response to infection.  It isolates the disease-causing agents and floods the area with white blood cells. This process weakens the walls of the gum tissue cells and can be harmful if the inflammation becomes chronic. For reasons that are not entirely clear but are probably related to hardened blood vessels, people with high blood sugar are prone to more inflammation and have a harder time resisting infections. When gum infections reach an advanced stage, called periodontal disease, they may cause recession of gum and bone tissue, allowing the teeth to come loose.

People with diabetes have to be especially careful about their oral hygiene. Fortunately, during regular dental visits, we can provide deep cleanings in the gum pockets, where patients cannot reach. Studies have shown that people with periodontal infections suffer increased glucose levels, but that when gum disease is treated, people’s diabetes symptoms improve.

Nick M. Mobilia, DDS
9 East 45th Street, 6th Floor
New York, NY 10017


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